http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/issue/feed VIDYA - A JOURNAL OF GUJARAT UNIVERSITY 2022-06-07T07:42:54+00:00 Dr. Meenu Saraf msaraf@gujaratuniversity.ac.in Open Journal Systems http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/46 IS RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN PERIL DUE TO SURGE OF CCTV SURVEILLANCE? 2022-03-08T15:38:49+00:00 Devang Chhtrapati deva@gmail.com Vikash Upadhyay vikash@gmail.com Dilip Mevada dilip@gmail.com <p><em>The present study analyzed the issue of right to privacy vis-à-vis CCTV surveillance. The usage of CCTV surveillance has grown in recent years. Governments and individuals are using CCTV surveillance for reducing the risk of crimes and to get proper information of crime. Technological enhancement should be used for making life better and safe. It has been found that mishandling of CCTV surveillance results in violation of the right to life with dignity. It has also raised the concern about liberty and freedom of individuals. The study put prominence on the proper usage of CCTV surveillances. It is essential that the right of privacy should not be violated and the usage will give fruitful results. There are always two sides of the coin. CCTV surveillance has its own pluses and drawbacks and the same is narrated in the present study. Whenever it is done without proper precautions then it may enter into the private life of a person without taking their consent. Photographs and clippings of private moments are divulged and it is the annexation of the privacy of people. It is uncomfortable. It is very difficult to keep balance between uprightness and evil in the era of technological advancement. The study put emphasis on the germane usage of CCTV surveillances rather than cluttered. The right to privacy is associated with dignity, freedom and liberty. It shall not be hampered by technological expansion. </em></p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/47 व्यञ्जनाविषये जगदीशतर्कालङ्कारमतविमर्शः 2022-03-08T16:23:59+00:00 मयूरी भाटिया mayuri@gmail.com <p>काव्यस्य लक्षणानुसारं वयं जानीमः यत्काव्ये शब्दार्थयोः साहित्यं भवति&nbsp; । एवं तयोः नित्यः संबन्धः भवति । स संबन्धः एव काव्यशास्त्रे वृत्तिः,शक्तिः इत्यादिभिः विविधैः नामभिः अभिधीयते । तत्र केचन अभिधालक्षणाव्यञ्जनादयः तिस्रः वृत्तयः सन्तीति कथयन्ति । तत्र सामान्यतः साहित्यशास्त्रे तिस्रः अपि वृत्तयः स्वीकृताः परन्तु जगदीशतर्कालङ्कारेण व्यञ्जना वृत्तिः नैव स्वीकृता । तस्याः अन्तर्भावः तेन लक्षनायामेव कृतः इति शोधपत्रेऽस्मिन् समीक्षितम् ।</p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/48 A REVIEW ON REPORTED ETHANOMEDICINAL PLANTS OF ARAVALLI DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA 2022-03-08T16:26:02+00:00 Malekh Tabbsum malekh@gmail.com Kruti Chaudhari krutichaudhari96@gmail.com Bharat Maitreya bharatmaitreya@gmail.com <p><em>Aravalli ranges are one of the crucial components of western piece of India which runs from Gujarat to Delhi. The "nals" of southern piece of Aravallis are particularly wealthy in restorative plant diversity. This paper concentrates on worries huge ethno-veterinary data on plants customarily utilized by the natives. The species were organized family tight clamp as per the verdure of Gujarat state. Data were gathered from the tribals and neighborhood individuals living in the villages of the remote backwoods area. Ethnobotany is a fundamental technique for research, Suitable for social affair data on the utilization of plants. Millions of individuals in the third world utilize natural furthermore conventional remedies. The herbal assortments of early pioneers and the later ethnobotany played significant parts in the development of new medications for a long time. Somewhat recently interest in this approach declined drastically, yet has risen again during its last ten years, and new foci have created.</em></p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/49 कबीर वाणी पर बौद् दर्शनका प्रभाव 2022-03-08T16:43:41+00:00 हरपाल बौद्ध harpal@gmail.com <p>भारतीय तत्वचिंतन और विचारधारा का गौरव और प्रभाव पूरे विश्व में प्रसारित हुआ है<strong>, </strong>जिनमें यहाँ की मिट्टी में जन्म लेने वाले बहुजन महापुरुषों और सन्नारियों का महती योगदान रहा है <strong>I </strong>आज हम हमारी बौद्ध सभ्यता और संस्कृति को लेकर गौरवान्वित महसूस हो रहे हैं<strong>, </strong>तो उसमें बहुजन समाज में जन्मे विद्वान और प्रतिभाशाली सुधारकों<strong>, </strong>चिंतकों और सामाजिक क्रांति के पथदर्शकों का बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण स्थान है <strong>I </strong>उनके चिंतन<strong>, </strong>मनन और सामाजिक आन्दोलनों ने समाज को बेहतर बनाने के लिए सार्थक प्रयास किये हैं <strong>I</strong> समतामूलक श्रेष्ठ समाज के निर्माण में उन्होंने अपना महती योगदान दिया हैं <strong>I </strong>उनकी विचारधारा और साहित्य ने समाज के दबे-कुचले तबकों और शोषित वर्गों में नई जान फूंक दी और उनमें श्रेष्ठ जीवन जीने की उम्मीदें जगाई <strong>I </strong>उनके विचारों ने पीड़ित और शोषित लोगों में उत्साह का निर्माण किया और साथ में उनमें एक मनुष्य होने का गौरवपूर्ण अहसास करवाया <strong>I </strong>उन्होंने स्वयं सहज जीवन जीकर मानव मात्र की गरिमा और मानवी मूल्यों का सूत्रपात किया और महाकारूणिक बुद्ध की तरह मनुष्य की अहमियत को पहचाना और मनुष्यों को निज बल से कुशल मार्ग पर चलना सीखाया</p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/50 ઔધોગિક ક્રાંતિ ૪.0 તરફની એક નવી દિશા: ભારતીય ગીગ અર્થતંત્ર 2022-03-08T16:46:01+00:00 રૂપલ સરૈયા rupal@gmail.com <p><strong>ડિજિટલાઇઝેશન એ એક ખૂબ વ્યાપક વિષય છે</strong>, <strong>જે સમાજના દરેક પાસાઓને અસર કરે છે.</strong> <strong>સ્માર્ટફોન ટેક્નોલોજીના આગમન સાથે ઝડપથી ગતિવાળી દુનિયામાં લોકો કેવી રીતે જીવે છે અને કામ કેવી રીતે કરે છે</strong>,<strong> તે પરંપરાગત કામની પદ્ધતિથી સંપૂર્ણપણે બદલાઈ ગયું છે.</strong> <strong>ભારત એક મજૂર સરપ્લસ દેશ છે. જ્યાં માંગ કરતાં કર્મચારીઓનો પુરવઠો ઘણો વધારે છે. વર્તમાન સમયને ધ્યાનમાં રાખતા જોઈએ તો</strong>,<strong> સરકાર દ્વારા ડિજિટલ ઈન્ડિયા</strong>,<strong> મેક ઇન ઈન્ડિયા</strong>,<strong> સ્કિલ ઈન્ડિયા</strong>,<strong> ભારતનેટ</strong>,<strong> સ્ટાર્ટ-અપ-ઈન્ડિયા</strong>,<strong> સ્ટેન્ડ-અપ-ઈન્ડિયા જેવી અઢળક યોજનાઓ બહાર પાડવામાં આવી&nbsp; છે. આ યોજનાઓ સફળ થવા માટે જરૂરી સ્ત્રોતો ઉપલબ્ધ છે કે નહીં તે જાણવું ખરું રહ્યું! 2020માં ટ્રાઇ દ્વારા કરવામાં આવેલ </strong>'<strong>ભારતીય ટેલિકોમ સર્વિસિસ પર્ફોર્મન્સ ઈન્ડિકેટર્સ</strong>' <strong>સર્વે રિપોર્ટ મુજબ ભારતમાં શહેરી વિસ્તારમાં બ્રોડબેન્ડ સબસ્ક્રાયબર્સનું પ્રમાણ 93% છે</strong>,<strong> અને ગ્રામીણ વિસ્તારમાં 29.83% સબસ્ક્રાયબર્સનું પ્રમાણ નોધવામાં આવ્યું (</strong>Sharma).<strong> અલબત્ત</strong>,<strong> દેશની ગ્રામીણ વસ્તી પાસે જીવન જરૂરિયાતોને પહોચી વળવાના સ્ત્રોતો પણ ઉપલબ્ધ નથી</strong>,<strong> ત્યારે ઇન્ટરનેટની સુવિધાઑનો ઓછાપો સ્વાભાવિક રીતે સમજી શકાય</strong>,<strong> જેના મુખ્ય કારણોમાં શિક્ષણનો નીચો દર જેથી ઇન્ટરનેટ સેવાનો યોગ્ય ઉપયોગ કઈ રીતે કરવો</strong>.<strong> ઇન્ટરનેટ નેટવર્કની અનુઉપલબ્ધિ</strong>,<strong> ઇન્ટરનેટની સુવિધાના ઊચા દરને વગેરેને પણ ગણાવી શકાય</strong>.</p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/51 ROLE OF HISTORY TEACHER IN NURTURING HUMAN VALUES 2022-03-08T16:48:26+00:00 Harpal Bauddh harpal@gmail.com <p>A conscious and well-informed teacher makes the students more confident, competent and value -bounded. A teacher of History can play a very pivotal and important role in nurturing human values, moral values and in addition to that, he creates historical outlook and understanding to understand our own problems and present chaotic situation of the nation. Nirmal Yadav has rightly said that, “The success or failure of a course in History rests mainly with the teacher. The most important factor in entire educational programme is the teacher. It is the teacher on whom the real success or failure of any method, aid, device or procedure depends.”<sup>1</sup> A History teacher is well-acquainted with the course of history and he knows ups and downs of the mankind of different ages, he can evaluate the present things and issues in keeping in mind the past history and suggest good, applicable and practical ways for the better future of the nation, society as well.</p> 2022-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/79 A SOCIO LEGAL STUDY ON CRIMINAL ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO STATE OF GUJARAT 2022-06-07T07:39:02+00:00 Divya Raviya divya@gmail.com Dilip Mevada dilip@gmail.com <p><em>The criminal justice system is incredibly expensive, complicated, and becoming increasingly crucial. When the impoverished are unable to approach the temple of justice, it is an indirect denial of justice to the weaker members of society. So, in these days, the courts have taken the lead and extended a helping hand to victims in order to get justice. At the moment, the judicial delivery system is evolving in order to provide relief to the general public. The researcher has researched this issue to determine what is necessary in today's society to get justice, and what the demands of this study are, and is attempting to convey from his or her own point of view. A socio-legal study is an examination of the link between society and the law. Criminal administration of justice is defined as "one's own activity and the structure of police and courts for the justice system in the discovery, investigation, anxiety, consultation, and trial of individuals accused of crime." The administration of justice is dependent on the personnel activities of the police, the public, and the court, for the victim to receive justice. The government has enacted several significant laws, such as the Indian Penal Code, cyber law, the Contract Act, and procedural law, such as the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Law of Evidence. However, the execution of these laws is contingent on these conditions. The three branches of government are the police, the public, and the judiciary. Everyone has been living according to their constitutional rights; no one can infringe on the rights of others since our constitution is based on democracy. And the basic core of our constitution is nature, distinctive features, preamble, fundamental rights, guiding principles, obligations, and so on.</em></p> 2022-03-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://vidyajournal.org/index.php/vidya/article/view/80 ANALYSIS OF PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS IN INDIA 2022-06-07T07:42:54+00:00 Dharmendra Chavda chavda@gmail.com Dharmendra Mistry hjsagh@gmail.com Satyajeet Deshpande ssdesh@gmail.com <p>Banking sector promotes balanced regional development in the country by making necessary financial structure and funds available for the backward areas. It also promotes primary sector by providing timely credit to agricultural farmers. It also enhances standard of living of the people by providing loans to customers for purchase of houses, consumer goods, electronic goods etc. Hence, it has become necessary to study the performance of the Banks in India because if the performance of the banks is positive, it can result into positive growth in economy. Thus, the present study has been undertaken with an objective to study financial performance of the Public as well as Private Sector Banks in India. The objective of the study is to analyze the performance of Public and Private Sector Banks in India for the duration of 5 years i.e. 2015-16 to 2019-20. It can be concluded from the study that there has been significant difference in performance of the selected public and private sector banks in India during the study period.&nbsp; For the purpose of the study 6 variables have been selected and it can be concluded that the selected public and private sector banks differed from one another in case of all the variables. Hence, it can be said that despite the difference in various variables of the selected public and private sector banks have had been almost same during the study period.</p> 2022-03-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022